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Current Weather: Bali


National capital: Jakarta

Population: 209,774,138 (July 1997 est.)

Exchange rates: US$1 = 9120.00 Indonesian rupiahs (October, 1998)

Location: Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean

Area - comparative: slightly less than three times the size of Texas

total: 1,919,440 sq km
land: 1,826,440 sq km
water: 93,000 sq km
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Puncak Jaya 5,030 m

Coastline: 54,716 km

Terrain: mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains

Climate: tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; water pollution from industrial wastes, sewage; air pollution in urban areas

Geography: archipelago of 17,000 islands (6,000 inhabited); straddles Equator; strategic location astride or along major sea lanes from Indian Ocean to Pacific Ocean

Ethnic groups: Javanese 45%, Sundanese 14%, Madurese 7.5%, coastal Malays 7.5%, other 26%

Religions: Muslim 87%, Protestant 6%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 2%, Buddhist 1%, other 1% (1985)

Languages: Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects, the most widely spoken of which is Javanese